Tuskers are animals who bear tusks which are elongated, continuously-growing, protruding teeth. Tusks take various shapes, sizes, colours and perform different functions. Ivory tusks have a unique colour and strength and therefore is in demand for carving. The most precious ivory is worn by African and Asian elephants.

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A reason for why this great spices is in danger is that they have lost their natural habitats due to human activities. With the civilization of mankind they started clearing the forests for their cultivation and the rate today have become so high that most of the animals, including the elephants are in great danger of losing their habitats. Elephants tend to find food in the cultivations, an easier place to hunt for food than far away in the forest. Sometimes when the people are attached by the elephants, being angry, people tend to trap or shoot at the elephants which makes the issue worse. Construction of roads and railways across the natural habitats of animals to fulfill the transportation requirements of human beings has also contributed a lot for the drastic reduction in the number of elephants.


Both male and female African elephants wear tusks. Those are elongated incisor teeth. Ivory is in heavy demand for piano keys, religious icons, motifs, sculpture, statues and ornaments such as trinkets and amulets. Ivory carving industry is well-established in China. It is said the Chinese demand should be held responsible for endless poaching of elephants in Africa. Whether it is in Africa or Asia, elephants are an integral part of the habitat they live in; they modify their habitat upon their feeding behaviour. Elephants are tagged as forest engineers and their presence is essential for the survival of their own habitats.


Statistics says as many as 8% (36,000) African elephants are poached annually for ivory. Slaughtering is done in the most brutal manner. Spears or automatic weapons are used to kill the animals. Immobilizing chemicals too are used to freeze them. The poachers hack the tusks off, sometimes from the animals dying in pain! AK-47 rifles were used for the elephant massacre in Cameroon’s Bouba N’Djida National Park in 2012, where more than 300 elephants were slaughtered within just three months.

10 million elephant population in 1900 in Africa has been reduced to only 470,000 in 2007 which gives a clear sign of the pathetic situation the species is in.

Why do we need to bother about the issue? Poaching adult elephants results in orphaned young elephants. Healthy tusks usually belong to strong animals of the population. Removing dominant genes from an animal population makes the subsequent generations weaker than their previous generation. The presence of elephants in their habitats is a must for a balance ecosystem.


Tusker in the Asian context is different from Africa. Tuskers are all male animals, but not all Asian male elephants are tuskers. Yet the situation with the Asian elephants is of no difference to the African elephants. Population of 100,000 Asian elephants in 1900 has reduced to 40,000 to 50,000 in 2007. Sri Lanka has the highest elephant density among the Asian countries. But it is only less than 5% of the male animals bear majestic tusks in Sri Lanka.

Country’s elephant population was said to be about 12,000 at the turn of the 20th century but today it is reduced to 5000. Habitat loss, ever escalating human- elephant conflict, train accidents and poaching take the toll of about 250 elephants every year. Around 40 calves are found orphaned annually.


Sri Lanka, throughout the history of thousands of years has treated elephants as a symbol of tradition. Although they have a high value internationally as well, they are in the great danger of being extinction.

Awareness on this issue matters and it should be attempted through all possible means. Here’s a wonderful opportunity for the ICT community to play a role to raise awareness. You can help conserve your precious wildlife through discussions like ‘Hanthana Tusker release’. Remember, ivory is most beautiful only when they are worn by the elephants!


Credits: We highly appreciate the help rendered by Mr. Chandana Weeratunga and Dr. Deepani Jayantha by providing valuable photos and information.

Hanthana Linux 17 64bit Edition!

We are please to announce the 64-bit edition of the Hanthana Linux 17 today.

You can now download the Hanthana Linux x86_64 Live DVD ISO.

Hanthana Linux 17 (i386) released 3 weeks ago received overwhelming feedback from the existing and new users from all over the world with over 9000 downloads so far (over 15,000 altogether) and growing.

Many of our user were eagerly waiting for the 64-bit release, and we apologize for the delay in release. We hate to keep our community waiting but unavoidable technical challenges kept us from releasing this earlier.

You may find it hard to believe that Hanthana Linux released are build on personal laptop computer. And in Sri Lanka we are faced with less than 1Mbps internet connection speeds when uploading ISO files to the mirror servers.

Plans are underway to get a cloud based build server and we are in need of donations to get this project move forward.

Let us know if you willing donate a system with at least 3GB of RAM capacity, 50GB of Disk Space and root access to build next, release of Hanthana Linux. We will use this server only for build purpose.

Please contact us on info [at] hanthana [dot] org.
You generous donations are welcome!


Hanthana Linux 17 LiveCD with LXDE!

Hanthana Linux LiveCD, the newest member of the Hanthana Linux family comes out today. While our regular DVD release a complete software repository and latest 3D accelerated desktop, LiveCD will cater the the needs of low resource requirements, personalized software selection and simplicity .

You can now download the Hanthana Linux i386 LiveCD ISO.
(you can refer our LiveDVD installation guide if you need a help)

LiveCD comes to you with all the goodness of Hanthana and Fedora version 17  including software such as  Mozilla FirefoxLibreOffice Writer, LibreOffice Calc and LibreOffice Impress and loads of more lightweight applications plus  LXDE. LXDE is an open source lightweight and customizable desktop environment for Linux, which is designed to work with older hardware however it also works perfectly well with modern 3D accelerated graphics hardware.

Hanthana Linux LiveCD version is launched in parallel to the Hanthana Linux 17 (Sithija) which was launched in 15th of September, 2012. Hanthana Linux 17 received overwhelming feedback from the users from all over the world including over 3000 downloads within the first week.

Hanthana Linux LiveCD is perfect for people who like to start up with a minimal system and configure and build it up to suit their needs. Following is a small list customization you can do.

Install GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program)
# yum install gimp -y

Install VLC (VideoLAN Client)
# yum install vlc -y

Install Gnome Desktop after installing the LiveCD.

# yum groupinstall gnome-desktop -y

Install sugar-desktop
# yum groupinstall sugar-desktop -y

Preparations are underway for the release of Hanthana Linux x86_64, and it will be available to download next week.

We had to delay the release of due to the issues we had with uploading the locally build ISO to our hosting service providers. We have plans to deploy a cloud build system for all Hanthana Linux products and we welcome anyone who can provide us with the necessary facilities or sponsorship.

Also we would like to make this an opportunity to thanks all the contributors and users of Hanthana Linux, specially those how reviewed  Hanthana Linux 17 i386 LiveDVD.

Hanthana Linux 17 LiveCD Sha256sum: 4c1d69cb53d6b4f7f6b7899e5f49e4495404c045542fcc7d403bb83b9866ac1f


Hanthana Session at Deyata Kirula, a success!

Free and Open Source Software awareness lecture series organized by ICTA and Hanthana Linux community in line with Deyata Kirula 2012 education and trade exhibition was conducted ICTA stall on 7th and 8th of February.

A gift from the ICTA

A lot of people participated at this event and the feedback was highly positive.

Participants consisted of students, teachers, parents and employees from the government and private sectors.

During the session, teachers got the chance to do a short lessons to their students using the education software in Hanthana Linux. At that point teachers were successful in getting used to the software during a short period of time of like 2 minutes and conducting the lesson to their students.

A school teacher (who visit the ICTA stall) conducting a small session on chemistry using Kalzium application to the audience

ICTA presented the students with prizes like shool bags and pens and refreshments were offered . Further, ICTA distrubuted the Hanthana Linux 15.5 LiveDVD free of charge.

Although it was scheduled to conduct only three sessions a day, a new session had to be started just after a session driven by the enthusiasm of the students and parents on Free and Open Source Software awareness lecture series.

Two winner of the TuxMath game (a mathematical game)

Information Technology Branch of Ministry of Education also in their stall introduced Free and Open Source Software for the second time throughout the exhibition.

Hanthana community pays the gratitude to Mr. Bandula Ranathunga who supported at the very first step to join Deyata Kirula exhibition, Ministry of Information Technology, team from ICTA, Mr. Athula Pushpakumara, Mr. Wasantha Deshapriya, Mr. Mahesh Kuragama,  Mr. Priyanka without whom this won’t be a reality and finally to Mr. Sujith Jayasooriya who coordinated and supported Hanthana community.


Discussing.. what is the answer?

No matter its day or night.. all the FOSS sessions flooded by the parents, kids, etc

Feel the freedom with Hanthana Linux @ Deyatakirula 2012

Hanthana Linux team, with the collaboration of the ICT Agency of Sri Lanka, is about to a conduct an awareness event on Free and Open Source Software and Hanthana Linux on 7th and 8th of February at “Deyata Kirula 2012″ Education and Trade exhibition which is held at Oyamaduwa, Anuradhapura in line with the 64th Independence Day. Lectures series which 100 people can participate at a time, opportunity to use free and open source software installed on computers and people will get the chance to get their queries answered.

Following topics will be covered in lecture series.

  • Free and Open Source Software
  • Free and Open Source Software for education
  • Hanthana Linux project
  • Contribution for Free and Open Source Software
  • Free and Open Source Software launched and sponsored by ICTA

Get to know about Free and Open Source Software, visit ICTA stall at Deyata Kitula exhibition premises on 7th and 8th of February. Please be kind enough to spread the word to teachers and students of North Central Provincial area as well as to other who wish to visit the exhibition.

Apart from that Information Technology Unit of the Ministry of Education is about to conduct a awareness session of Free and Open Source Software in their stall.

For Deyata Kirula, Hanthana Linux 15.5 was released and ICTA has made arrangements to deliver a copy of the operating system for those who need at the exhibition premises. Visit this link to get the latest version. Danishka, Bandula, Kalhara and Hiranya  representing Hanthana Team will assist you in Deyata Kirula exhibition premises.

හන්තාන ලිනක්ස් ඉ-සඟරාව “Freedom+” නිකුත් වෙයි

හන්තාන ලිනක්ස් මෙහෙයුම් පද්ධතිය නිකුත් වී මේ වන විට ගතව ඇත්තේ වසර දෙකක් වැනි ඉතා කෙටි කාලයකි. එම කාලය තුල බොහෝ පරිශීලකයින් පිරිසක් අතරට යාමට හන්තාන ලිනක්ස් සමත් විය. මෙහෙයුම් පද්ධතියක් නිකුත් කිරීමෙන් පමණක් නොනැවතුණු හන්තාන ලිනක්ස් එය පරිශීලනය කරන්නන් සඳහා තවත් සේවාවන් සමූහයක් එක් කිරීමට සමත් විය. හන්තාන ලිනක්ස් වෙබ් අඩවිය, හන්තාන ලිනක්ස් පුහුණු වැඩසටහන්, හන්තාන පරිශීලක සමූහය (User Group/Forum ), පුවත් සමූහය (News Group) ආදිය ඒ සඳහා උදාහරණ වෙයි. මේ හරහා නව දැනුම ලබා දීම මෙන්ම පරිශීලකයින්ට ඇතිවන ගැටළු නිරාකරණය කර ගැනීමට මහත් රුකුලක් විය.


එයින් නොනැවතුණු හන්තාන ලිනක්ස් කණ්ඩායම විවෘත කේත මෘදුකාංග (FOSS) භාවිතා කරන්නන් වෙනුවෙන් නිකුත් කරන ඉ-සඟරාවක් “Freedom+” නමින් එළි දැක්වීමට පසුගියදා සමත් විය. අලුතින්ම ලිනක්ස් භාවිතා කිරීමට එක්වූ අයට හා දැනටමත් ලිනක්ස් භාවිතා කරන අයට වැදගත් වන ලිපි රාශියකින් Freedom+ සමන්විත වෙයි. FOSS පිළිබඳ හදාරන අයටද පාසැල් සිසුන්ට, ගුරුවරුන්ට, වෘත්තිකයින්ට, මෙන්ම බාල මහලු වැඩිහිටි කොයි කාටත් එකසේ වැදගත් වන සාර සංග්‍රහයක් ලෙස Freedom+ හදුන්වා දුන හොත් නිවැරදි ය. සිංහල, දෙමළ ඉංග්‍රීසි යන භාෂා තුනෙන්ම ලිපි පළවීම මෙහි ඇති තවත් විශේෂයකි. කෙසේ නමුත් Freedom+ යනු හන්තාන ලිනක්ස් යන දැවැන්ත සමාජ ව්‍යාපෘතියේ එක් අංගයක් පමණි. සෑම සමාජ ව්‍යාපෘතියකම මෙන්ම මෙම ව්‍යාපෘතිය ද සිදු කරනු ලබන්නේ ආර්ථික ලාභ අපේක්ෂාවෙන් තොරවය. මේ සඳහා දායක වන සැම දෙනාම එවැනි මහා සත්කාරයක කොටස් කරුවෝය. ඔබටද මේ සඳහා විවිධ අයුරින් දායකත්වය සපයා දිය හැකිය. සඟරාව සදහා ලිපි ලබාදීම, සඟරාව සැකසීමට දායක වීමත් හා එය බෙදාහැරීමට දායක වීමත් ආදියෙනි. ඔබට අද Freedom+ කියවීමට අවස්ථාව ලැබුණ හොත් හෙට දිනයේදී තවත් පාඨක පිරිසක් වෙත එය ගෙනයාවි යැයි හන්තාන ලිනක්ස් කණ්ඩායම බලාපොරොත්තු වෙයි. එසේම මෙම ඉ සඟරාව ත්‍රෛයිමාසිකව ඔබ අතට පතත් කිරීමටද හන්තාන ලිනක්ස් කණ්ඩායම සැලසුම් කර ඇත. Freedom+ පිළිබඳ ඔබගේ අදහස් ඒ සඳහා ඉතා ප්‍රයෝජනවත් වන අතර ඔබගේ නිර්ව්‍යාජ අදහස් feedback AT hanthana DOT org යන විද්‍යුත් ලිපිනයට යොමු කිරීමට කාරුණික වන ලෙස ඉල්ලමු.

මෙතැනින් Freedom+ නොමිලේ ලබා ගන්න.

Freedom+ සඟරාව වෙත ඔබටත් ලිපි ඉදිරිපත් කිරීමට හැකියාව ඇත. ඒ සඳහා info AT hanthana DOT org විද්‍යුත් ලිපිනයට ලිවීමට කාරුණික වන්න. තවද සෝදුපත් බැලීම සහ ලිපි පරිවර්තනය කටයුතු සඳහා ද දායක විය හැක.

හන්තාන ප්‍රජා සඟරාවේ සියලු නිර්මාණ කටයුතු ලිෂාන් පුවක්ඔවිට විසින් සිදු කරන ලදි.